Jordan is a place where one would witness pluralism due to the diverse populations residing in Jordan coming from different origins (57 nationalities living in Jordan), ethnicities and cultural backgrounds. Yet, Jordan is located in a volatile region where political instability, tension, war, and proxy warfare takes place for so long. Jordan is well known for hosting various waves of refugees from Iraq 66,262, Syria 657,628, Yemen 9,838, Sudan 4,058, Somalia 810 and others 1,564 according to the Fact Sheet issued by the UNHCR (Jordan, Feb. 2018).
According to the Global Conflict Tracker (March 2020) currently, around the world, there is 8 worsening conflict status (2 of which are in the Middle East and North Africa) in addition to 18 unchanging conflict status (7 of which are in the Middle East and North Africa). And, having 8 types of conflicts varying between civil war, criminal violence, interstate, political instability, sectarian, territorial dispute, transnational violent extremism, and unconventional.
According to the World Data Atlas, Jordan happiness index score is 4.91 out of 10 (2018) which is ranking 99 out 154, Finland ranked number one with 7.77 scores. Whereas the prosperity index score for Jordan is 56.41 (2019) in comparison with Denmark the first ranking country with score 83.96, Jordan is ranking 86 out of 103. These numbers are considered low although Jordan is working very hard towards achieving more prosperity to its citizens.Jordan is considered as a young country according to the statistics of Jordan demographics according to the Jordanian Department of Statistics, the total number of the Jordanian population is 10554 million for the year 2019. As per age group, the total number of population is as follow:
– Age group 15 – 19 years old: 1,025,110
– Age group 20 – 24 years old: 1,023,120
– Age group 25-29 years old; 898,340
Such continuous status of instability and insecurity in the region, in addition to having Generation-Z who were born after the internet era where the concept of having the world as a small global village that is connected virtually, is a living reality. And, with that comes the comparison and being aware which countries are more stable and happy in comparison to those who are not. Which might augment the sense of social injustice among those who are under stress.
All of these factors among many others such as natural disasters, consequences of climate change, and epidemics put people and communities under tremendous and sustained stress for a long duration which might lead to breaking the normal youth development process for instance, to at least ensuring a growing and living in a world of justice, dignity and rights for all. Where in reality, in many parts of the world, many nations are struggling to ensure securing the very basic needs where others are enjoying their self-actualization by all means.
In order to achieve and to be able to sustain positive peace and prosperity in a community, it is true that we need to mainstream peacebuilding and to make it relevant to people where they would choose building positive peace based on a conscious process that is based on daily intentions. For being there, strengthening societal resilience is a crucial aspect to work on, to mainstream it, and to provide tools and competency for resilience strengthening.
Youth are not just a number that falls between 18-30 years old. It is important to have a clear understanding for who they are, their profile, what they like, what they do not like, which music they listen to and why it influences them, what are their values, how they like to spend their time, what worries them, why they are connected, what they are doing online, which social media platforms and why, how they are dealing with and their perception about everything they inherited from history and the current reality of the world where they live.
There are complex conflicts existing nowadays and this requires a deeper understanding and working together with the youth. Conflicts management is a shared responsibility by a community, nation, region or even the entire world.
"Resilience is to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from the effects of a hazardous event in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation, restoration or improvement of its essential basic structures and functions"
World Bank, 2013.