Partnering with youth in enabling sustainable peace and security…
Putting the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2250 (2015); Youth, Peace, and Security into Practice.
Duration: 16 months; Feb. 2017 – May 2018
Location: Jordan, 12 governorates.
Funded by: Shabab 2250 Project is funded by the EU, as part of the “EU Support to Civil Society in Jordan Project” managed by the National Centre for Human Rights (NCHR).
Lead organization: I Dare for Sustainable Development
Strategic partner organization: All Youth Jordan Commission (AJYC), the youth arm of King Abdullah-II Fund for Development (KAFDI).
- Motivators for training
- 3 Dimension Company for Training (3DC)
- Intermediaries for Change for Sustainable Development
Alternative Narrative Platform: www.idareact.org
What is UN resolution 2250: youth, peace, and security?
“The youth of today need all of you. You are the policy makers, who can impact world peace and security, and the decision makers, who can partner with young people in building efforts, instead of leaving them as a target of violence and destruction. Your generation is also in charge of drawing up education, development and economic policies”. HRH Crown Prince Al Hussein Bin Abdullah II
The UNr2250 was presented the first time during the opening debate of the Security Council on the Role of Youth in Countering Violent Extremism and Promoting Peace on 23 April 2015 by the HRH Crown Prince Al Hussein Bin Abdullah II. In addition to, announcing hosting the first Global Forum on Youth, Peace, and Security between 21-22 August 2015 in Madaba, where “Amman Declaration” were formulated and announced by youth.
On 9 Dec. 2015, the UN Security Council adopted the UN resolution 2250 (2015); which defines youth as persons aged between 18 and 29 years old, and the Security Council urged the Member States to consider setting up mechanisms that would enable young people to participate meaningfully in peace building and dispute resolution efforts.
Importance of the UNr2250
“It is part of the long term envisioned solutions that is based on a positive behavioural change which is actioned into daily life towards enabling pluralistic communities”. I Dare for Sustainable Development
It highlights the real partnership and effective role for youth in building sustainable peace and security. The UNr2250 stresses on the importance of recognizing the pivotal role youth can play in preventing violent extremism, building and sustaining peace and security. Youth are able and keen to shape a brighter future which takes into consideration a holistic and a responsible role towards sustainable development.
According to the “Regional Framework of Joint Strategic Actions for Young People 2016 – 2017 in the Arab States/Middle East and North Africa Region” report; around 29% of the population in the Arab States/MENA region falls in the age group between 10 and 24 years old. One of the main persisting challenges facing the entire region are political instability, long-term conflicts, and war. At least, ten countries are in conflict or are neighbors to countries which are already in a conflict. Furthermore, the conflict in the region had a devastating effect on schools’ attendance; more than 13 million children are not attending school. The same challenges are also devastating the problem of unemployment among youth which is the highest in the world; 28.2% in the Middle East and 30.5% in North Africa in 2014 also, with considerable variations between countries.
Therefore, the UNr2250 is being regarded as a road map to building on the positive potential of young people in promoting peace and security; which is promoting peaceful and inclusive societies (Sustainable Development Goal 16).
I Dare for Sustainable Development and its partners is working toward enabling SDG 16 through its project Shabab 2250.
SDG 16 is about promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
Main points of UNr2250:
“I think we are living in a world where we see a multiplication of new conflicts, and you see an enormous difficulty in solving the conflicts.” Antonio Guterres
- Increasing youth participation at all levels of the decision-making process.
- Taking into consideration youth participation and views in peace negotiation and agreements.
- Supporting and empowering youth peace initiatives.
- Protecting young civilians’ lives and human rights in contexts of armed conflicts.
- Protection against sexual and gender-based violence.
- Investigating and prosecuting crimes committed against young civilians.
- Creation of youth-friendly and inclusive policies through an enabling environment for youth participation.
- Supporting youth participation in peacebuilding.
- Providing quality peace education.
- Promotion of a culture of peace, tolerance, intercultural and interreligious dialogue.
- Increasing the political, financial, technical, and logistical support for the participation of youth in peace efforts.
- Disengagement & Reintegration:
- Youth employment opportunities to counter marginalization.
- Investing in building youth capabilities and skills.
- Supporting youth entrepreneurship initiatives.
“What we are witnessing of the depletion of the energies and potentials of young people, especially during the armed conflicts, and this what have made us to stress in the draft of the resolution, the role of youth in conflict prevention through urging all Member States to provide a motivating environment and to develop policies and mechanisms to enable youth to contribute effectively to peace-building and the promotion of culture peace, tolerance and respect for religions”. Ambassador Dina Kawar, Permanent Representative of Jordan to the United Nations
The Amman Youth Declaration, drafted in consultation with over eleven thousand youth from around the world and supported by the Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, United Nations system and representatives of the civil society, presents a “common vision and roadmap towards a strengthened policy framework to support youth in transforming conflict, preventing and countering violence and building sustainable peace.”The Amman Youth Declaration was the outcome of the Global Forum, that took place between 21 and 22 of August 2015 in Jordan, which brought together 500 government officials, policy experts, youth-led organizations, and young peace builders from over 100 countries aimed at helping to shape a new international agenda on youth, peace, and security.
The declaration highlights four key areas where young people’s input and engagement must be sought by the international community:
- Meaningful participation and leadership in decision and policy-making around peace and security;
- Recognition and support of youth networks, organizations and individual initiatives in preventing violence and violent extremism and promoting peace;
- Promotion and protecting the rights of girls and prevention of gender-based violence; and
- Prioritizing investing into youth socio-economic development.
- Technical capacity building for youth on three levels; knowledge, skills, and attitudes.
- To go through the A.C.T approach through the experiential learning process; Acquire, Create, Transform:
- Acquire; new knowledge, skills, and attitudes;
- Create; youth-led initiatives within their own local realities;
- Transform; youth will be able to be part of the positive transformation process on themselves and their own local communities.
- Youth Innovation Hubs (YIH): designing and implementing youth initiatives within local communities.
- Creation of a network of empowered and active youth.
- Contributing to the interactive platform idareact.org
- Providing a training kit and other useful educational tools for self-directed learning.
The cost of peace?
The economic value of peace during the year of 2016 in Jordan was as follow:
- The economic impact of violence and conflict, rank by % of GDP 47 out of 163 countries.
- The economic impact of violence and conflict (Million 2015 PPP) $6,491
- The economic impact of violence and conflict per person (2015 PPP) $983
- The economic impact of violence and conflict as % of GDP 7.6%
Global Peace Index Report 2016: ·
- Jordan rank is 96 out of 163 countries (2.127).
- Jordan rank is seventh in terms of MENA region it comes after Qatar, Kuwait, UAE, Tunis, Oman and Morocco (respectively)
- Violence containment rank by % of GDP 74
- Total cost of violence containment (Millions, 2014 PPP) 6,491
- Per capita violence containment cost (2014 PPP) 983
- Violence containment cost as % of GDP 8%
SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Communities: Creating an optimum environment for human potential to flourish; in order to reduce violence there is a need to focus on Positive Peace, building the attitudes, institutions and structures which create and sustain peaceful societies.
Positive Peace vs. Negative peace:
Negative Peace: is the absence of violence or fear of violence
Positive Peace: is the presence of the attitudes, institutions, and structures that create and sustain peaceful societies
Characteristics of Positive Peace:
Systemic and complex
It is complex; progress occurs in non-linear ways and can be better understood through systems thinking.
|Underpins resilience and nonviolence
Positive Peace builds the capacity for resilience and the possibility and incentives for non-violent alternatives to conflict resolution. It provides an empirical framework to measure an otherwise amorphous concept, resilience
|Virtuous or vicious
It works as a process where negative feedback loops or vicious cycles of violence can be created and perpetuated or, alternatively, positive feedback loops where virtuous cycles of peace are created and perpetuated.
Informal and formal
It includes both formal and informal societal factors. This implies that societal and attitudinal factors are equally as important as state institutions.
Preventative Though overall
Positive Peace levels tend to change slowly over time, building strength in relevant pillars can prevent violence and violent conflict.
Supports development goals
Positive Peace provides an environment where development goals are more likely to be achieved.
8 pillars of Positive Peace:
1. Well-Functioning Government
A well-functioning government delivers high-quality public and civil services, engenders trust and participation, demonstrates political stability, and upholds the rule of law.
|2. Sound Business Environment
The strength of economic conditions as well as the formal institutions that support the operation of the private sector and determine the soundness of the business environment. Business competitiveness and economic productivity are both associated with the most peaceful countries, as is the presence of regulatory systems that are conducive to business operations.
|3. Equitable Distribution of Resources
Peaceful countries tend to ensure equity in access to resources such as education and health, as well as, although to a lesser extent, equity in income distribution.
4. Acceptance of the Rights of Others
Formal laws guaranteeing basic human rights and freedoms and the informal social and cultural norms that relate to behaviors of citizens serve as proxies for the level of tolerance between different ethnic, linguistic, religious, and socio-economic groups within the country. Similarly, gender equality and worker’s rights are important components of societies that uphold acceptance of the rights of others.
5. Good Relations with Neighbours
Peaceful relations with other countries are as important as good relations between groups within a country. Countries with positive external relations are more peaceful and tend to be more politically stable, have better functioning governments, are regionally integrated and have lower levels of organised internal conflict. This factor is also beneficial for business and supports foreign direct investment, tourism, and human capital inflows.
|6. Free Flow of Information
Free and independent media disseminates information in a way that leads to greater openness and helps individuals and civil society work together. This is reflected in the extent to which citizens can gain access to information, whether the media is free and independent, and how well-informed citizens are. This leads to better decision-making and more rational responses in times of crisis.
|7. High levels of Human Capital
A skilled human capital base reflects the extent to which societies educate citizens and promote the development of knowledge, thereby improving economic productivity, care for the young, enabling political participation and increasing social capital. Education is a fundamental building block through which societies can build resilience and develop mechanisms to learn and adapt.
8. Low levels of Corruption
In societies with high corruption, resources are inefficiently allocated, often leading to a lack of funding for essential services. The resulting inequities can lead to civil unrest and in extreme situations can be the catalyst for more serious violence. Low corruption can enhance confidence and trust in institutions.
Disclaimer: The information and views set out in this Project web page are those of the author I Dare for Sustainable Development organization and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the European Union. Neither the European Union institutions and bodies nor any person acting on their behalf may be held responsible for the use which may be made of the information contained therein.